Maceo Parker Poster
This Maceo Parker Poster by Darren Grealish – Maceo Parker
(/ˈmeɪsiːoʊ/; born February 14, 1943) is an American funk and soul jazz saxophonist, best known for his work with James Brown in the 1960s, as well as Parliament-Funkadelic in the 1970s. Parker was a prominent soloist on many of Brown’s hit recordings, and a key part of his band, playing alto, tenor and baritone saxophones. Since the early 1990s, he has toured under his own name.
Parker was born in Kinston, North Carolina. Parker’s father played piano and drums in addition to singing in church with Parker’s mother; his brother Melvin played drums and his brother Kellis played the trombone. Parker and his brother Melvin joined James Brown in 1964; in his autobiography, Brown claims that he originally wanted Melvin as his drummer, but agreed to additionally take Maceo under his wing as part of the deal. In 1970, Parker, his brother Melvin, and a few of Brown’s band members left to establish the band Maceo & All the King’s Men, which toured for two years.
In January 1973, Parker rejoined with James Brown. He also charted a single “Parrty – Part I” (#71 pop singles) with Maceo & the Macks that year. In 1975, Parker and some of Brown’s band members, including Fred Wesley, left to join George Clinton’s band Parliament-Funkadelic. Parker once again re-joined James Brown from 1984 to 1988.In the 1990s, Parker began a solo career. His first album of this period “Roots Revisited” spent 10 weeks at the top of the Billboard Contemporary Jazz Charts. To date he has released 11 solo albums since 1990. His band has been billed as “the greatest little funk orchestra on earth” and the “million-dollar support band”. Maceo Parker at the Liri Blues Festival, Italy, in 2009Parker’s 1992 live album “Life on Planet Groove” is considered to be his seminal live album, marking his first collaboration with Dutch saxophonist Candy Dulfer.In 1993, Parker made guest appearances on hip hop group De La Soul‘s album Buhloone Mindstate. In the late 1990s, Parker began contributing semi-regularly to recordings by Prince and accompanying his band, The New Power Generation, on tour. He also played on the Jane’s Addiction track “My Cat’s Name Is Maceo” for their 1997 compilation album Kettle Whistle. In 1998, Parker performed as a guest on “What Would You Say” on a Dave Matthews Band concert, which also became one of their live albums, Live in Chicago 12.19.98.In 2007, Parker performed as part of Prince’s band for Prince’s 21 nights at the O2 arena. Parker also played as part of Prince’s band for his 21-night stay at LA’s Forum in 2011. Parker’s album Roots & Grooves with the WDR Big Band is a tribute to Ray Charles, whom Parker cites as one of his most important influences. The album won a Jammie for best Jazz Album in 2009. Parker followed this up with another collaboration with WDR Big Band in 2012 with the album Soul Classics. In October 2011, Parker was inducted in the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame. In July 2012, Parker was the recipient of a Lifetime Achievement Award from Victoires Du Jazz in Paris. He continues touring, headlining many jazz festivals in Europe and doing as many as 290 concerts a year.In May 2016, Parker received The North Carolina Heritage Award from his home state. The “original” J.B.’s The J.B.’s were formed in March 1970 after most of the members of Brown’s previous band walked out on him over a pay dispute. (Brown’s previous bands of the 1950s and 1960s had been known as The James Brown Band and The James Brown Orchestra.) The J.B.’s initial lineup included bassist William “Bootsy” Collins and his guitarist brother Phelps “Catfish” Collins, formerly of the obscure funk band The Pacemakers; Bobby Byrd (founder of the original Famous Flames singing group) (organ), and John “Jabo” Starks (drums), both holdovers from Brown’s 60s band; three inexperienced horn players, Clayton “Chicken” Gunnells, Darryl “Hasaan” Jamison, and Robert McCollough; and conga player Johnny Griggs. This version of the J.B.’s played on some of Brown’s most intense funkrecordings, including “Get Up (I Feel Like Being a) Sex Machine“, “Super Bad“, “Soul Power“, and “Talkin’ Loud and Sayin’ Nothing“. They also accompanied Brown on a European tour (during which they recorded the long-delayed live album Love Power Peace), performed on the Sex Machine double LP, and released two instrumental singles, the much-sampled “The Grunt” and “These Are the J.B.’s”
In December 1970 trombonist Fred Wesley rejoined James Brown’s organization to lead the J.B.’s. Other former Brown sidemen including Maceo Parker and St. Clair Pinckney eventually followed his lead, while the Collins brothers and most of the rest of the “original” J.B.’s left Brown to join George Clinton‘s Parliament-Funkadelic collective. Wesley and Parker left in 1976. Brown continued to bill his backing band as the J.B.’s into the mid-1980s, when he changed their name to the Soul Generals, or Soul G’s.